By David L. Eby
Laurent Durocher was born in Ste. Genevieve, Missouri on Oct 21, 1788. Ste. Genevieve is the oldest settlement in the Point out of Missouri.
Laurent’s local provider to Monroe County was excellent and significant in scope. He held an astonishing variety of local federal government positions over his lifetime. He attended the Higher education of Montreal and arrived to Frenchtown (Monroe) in 1805. Laurent married Monique Cosme in Frenchtown on April 22, 1811.
Laurent was a good close friend of the famed Detroit priest, Father Gabriel Richard. It was Father Richard who married Laurent and his spouse in Frenchtown. From that marriage, Monique and Laurent had 10 little ones together. Laurent turned fluent in speaking and crafting each French and English. He served as a clerk for a Notary General public in Montreal ahead of coming to Frenchtown in 1805. He was recognised as the main lawful authority amid the French inhabitants in the Frenchtown location.
Laurent fought in the Battle of Frenchtown in 1813 with the People. He was taken prisoner through the battle by the British and Native Individuals, then was freed but without having any firearms. He was an eyewitness to the River Raisin Massacre. He served in the Michigan Militia from 1812 to April 24, 1814, then yet again from 1815 to 1821 for a nine-12 months full and served as the Pay back Master for the local militia in 1821.
Laurent was elected a member of the Territorial Legislative Council various times. The associates of the Territorial Legislative Council experienced the exact powers as the governor and judges. The Councils had 9 to 13 associates. They had been the types who shaped the Michigan Territory into a state and they were elected for two-yr terms.
Laurent was the only person to be elected to all 6 Legislative Councils by the men and women. On the other hand, for the initially council, the territory nominated 18 individuals, from whom President James Monroe appointed nine customers. Laurent was not picked. He was elected to the upcoming 5 Legislative Councils by the people today of Monroe County.
The Territorial Legislative Council built the authentic laws beneath which we reside now and was also dependable for laying out and developing the territorial roads. The council also worked on costs, claims, petitions and resolutions. From November 3, 1826, as a result of March 28, 1835, the time that Laurent Durocher serviced on the Legislative Council, the Council worked on 2,458 charges, 426 promises, 875 petitions and 1,000 resolutions.
In accordance to postal documents, Laurent was the 1st postmaster for the settlement of Frenchtown in the Erie District of the Michigan Territory commencing in November, 1815, and continued via January, 1823, for a complete of eight several years. That involved the beginning several years of Monroe County commencing in July, 1817, through January, 1823. He then served in a wide variety of roles, which includes:
- Justice of the Peace in the Erie District of the Michigan Territory from 1816 to 1817, then served as the Monroe County Justice of the Peace from 1818 to 1827, 1831, then from 1850 to 1856 and eventually from 1859 to September 21, 1861, for a full of 20 decades.
- Laurent was the quite to start with Monroe County Clerk, serving for 19 decades, from 1817 to 1837. He served as the Circuit Court Clerk from 1820 to 1824, then yet again from 1828 to 1834, for a complete of 10 many years.
- In 1821, he was the Notary General public for Monroe County, then yet again in 1849 and 1850. In 1824 he served as the Monroe County Tax Collector and was an auctioneer in 1831. Laurent served in the Michigan Territorial Legislature from 1826 to August 25, 1835 for a complete of 10 years.
- He served as the Frenchtown Township Clerk in 1829 and in 1832. He was the Supervisor of Frenchtown Twp. in 1834 and 1835. He was the initial Territorial Senator for Monroe County, serving from 1835 and 1836.
- Soon after Michigan statehood was reached, Laurent was the to start with Condition Senator representing Monroe County, serving from 1837 to 1838. After serving as a condition senator he served as a point out agent symbolizing Monroe County from 1839 to 1840. He was the Circuit Court docket Judge in Monroe County from 1841 to 1845 and the Circuit Court docket Clerk from 1851 to 1852.
- He served 6 several years as the Supervisor of Frenchtown Township from 1842 to 1848. He was the Judge of Probate in Monroe County from 1845 to 1850, and from 1853 to 1857. He was the Monroe Metropolis Clerk from 1859 right up until his loss of life on September 21, 1861.
Moreover all his federal government jobs, he was also a longtime businessman in Frenchtown/Monroe. He was a merchant from 1808 through December 1849. He sold something and almost everything.
He was a enterprise agent for Gabriel Godfroy and Jean Baptist Beaugrand. On January 10, 1809 he was assessed a $10 fee to be ready to retail items in the Frenchtown settlement.
The Monroe County Historical Museum owns two of his account ledgers. The very first ledger starts on May perhaps 1, 1812, and goes by February 24, 1842. The second ledger handles February, 1842, via December, 1849. His ledgers contain hundreds of webpages of entries of what he sold and what he bought it for. His second ledger demonstrates a few entries detailing that he offered 35,644 feet of timbers to the federal government for creating and straightening the River Raisin Canal and Harbor.
He is talked about as the President of the Monroe and Ypsilanti Railroad Enterprise in a newspaper post released on January 1, 1841. In 1826 he purchased The Previous Stand Inn on Entrance Avenue and marketed it in 1828. He also owned the tavern and inn on North Dixie Freeway just north of Sandy Creek on the east facet of Dixie Highway. He owned that business enterprise until eventually 1840. He and Joseph Loranger (who donated Loranger Sq. to Monroe) were being really fantastic pals and companions in a noticed mill on Plum Creek.
The Honorable Laurent Durocher died in Monroe on September 21, 1861, a couple months just after the Civil War commenced. He was buried in the Old St Mary’s Cemetery on North Monroe Avenue (throughout from Grace Lutheran Church) in what was an unmarked grave. By the joint endeavours of Elaine Boudrie and Ray Dushane, a govt issued veteran’s marker was obtained. Laurent certified for it simply because of his provider in the War of 1812. It was mounted across from the flag pole on the north aspect of Outdated St Mary’s Cemetery.
Laurent has several descendants even now living in Monroe County. Combining all the a long time Laurent served in multiple authorities positions the overall is 105 decades. There is no recognized photo or portray of him that exists. There is, having said that, a description of his visual appeal stated in an 1868 ebook as “a small, darkish complexioned male of French descent.”
The details in this posting was researched for over 18 years by area historian Ray Dushane, a wonderful (x3) grandson of Laurent Durocher. This write-up was created dependent on Dushane’s investigate with his permission. Ray Dushane is a member and earlier Vice President of the French Canadian Genealogy Culture of Monroe County.
David L. Eby is the Newsletter Editor for the Monroe County Historic Modern society. He can be reached [email protected]